John Beard, 1794-1854
Sophia More, 1801-1879
- by Alice Marie Beard

UPDATE, February 2015:
We now know the Y-DNA of John Beard who was born in 1794 and who died in 1854 in Carroll County, Indiana. We have the information to 67 markers, and the information could be extended to 111 markers. (Sample is on file.)

Information is available here: Beard Family Tree DNA.

  • DNA in Kit Number 345857 is from a descendant of John Beard's son John M.; the man is a son of Robert Jesse Beard (b. 1920).
  • DNA in Kit Number 12428 is from a descendant of John Beard's son Alexander; the man is a son of Raymond Pearce Beard (b. 1920).

The two men who tested were 4th cousins. They had never met; their fathers had never met; likely their grandfathers had never met. However, their Y-DNA proves the documentary genealogy for both men going back to John Beard who died in Carroll County, Indiana in 1854.

This is the Y-DNA sequence for both men:

DYS393 is 12.
DYS390 is 23.
DYS19 is 14.
DYS391 is 10.
DYS385 is 15-17.
DYS426 is 11.
DYS388 is 12.
DYS439 is 11.
DYS389i is 13.
DYS392 is 15.
DYS389ii is 28.

The DNA is from haplogroup L-M20.

Additionally, relationships proven via autosomal DNA tests for that same son of Robert Jesse Beard (b. 1920), for the daughter of Miles Beard, for a son of Dwight Beard, for a son of Russell A. Beard, and for a great-granddaughter of Bertha Louise Beard prove that Miles Beard, Dwight Beard, Russell Beard, and William Andrew Beard (father of Bertha Beard) carried the same Y-DNA. Thus, DNA proves that all four of John Beard's sons (John M., William, Eli, and Alexander) were indeed his biological sons.

And, with the Y-DNA to 67 markers from a son of Robert Jesse Beard (b. 1920), we have the "gold standard" against which to judge paternity for any straight-line claimed descendant coming from this line. We also have the "gold standard" against which to judge any male who thinks he might be a straight-line descendant, but who does not have the paper to prove it.

Sophia More, about 1870John BEARD and wife Sophia MORE married November 20, 1818, in Campbell County, Kentucky. The bondsman for their marriage was Samuel W. MORRISON (relationship not known, likely a professional bondsman and not family).

By 1820, John and Sophia were living in Adams County, Ohio. By 1830, they were in Harrison Township, Darke County, Ohio.

In 1835, they were living in Adams Township, Darke County, Ohio, when John sold his Ohio farm to a German Baptist Brethren woman named Christina Koutz. He had bought the land in 1820.

John and Sophia moved to Carroll County, Indiana, with seven children. The eldest was 12 years old; the youngest was an infant. (Another two children were born in Carroll County.) Sophia's brothers Samuel and Eli and her sister Sarah (who married Alexander Murphy) also moved to Carroll County.

According to family stories, during the transition months before John moved his family to Indiana, there were times when John would walk from Darke County, Ohio, to Carroll County, Indiana. It was a distance of about 150 miles. At night, he would find a tree to climb to sleep in, to stay safe from nighttime animals.

John and Sophia settled in Pyrmont, Carroll Co., Indiana, along the Wild Cat Creek. In 1835, John rented land, and in 1836 he bought the land that became the pioneer farm. It had to be cleared; it was not so swampy as other land in that area. John built a barn from the wood of black-walnut trees; until at least 1968, the barn was still standing. He erected a log house for the family. Sophia had a loom house where she would spin flax into yarn to then weave into cloth; the loom house had been built over a small stream so she could keep her flax wet as she was spinning. Sophia was skilled with a needle; one of her quilts is on display at the Historical Museum in Delphi, Indiana, in the basement of the court house.

In 1839 a log school house was built on the farm of John Beard. It was located on the east side of what is now U.S. Highway 421, near the road which goes to Pyrmont. The cabin was erected "expressly for the purpose [of being a school] by the settlers whose children attended the school." The site of that cabin school was "very near the site of the district school [which in 1882 was] known as the Beard Schoolhouse." [from History of Carroll County, published in 1882 and found at the Rossville, Indiana, library] Several such small school houses were built on different people's property during that era. They were known as "subscription" schools and were "sustained by a tuition fee paid by the parents whose children attended them."

For church services, "When a Methodist minister came, the adherents of that form of doctrine met at the house of Samuel Moore (Sophia's brother) or John Beard, where worship was conducted."

John supported the family by farming and by operating the still owned by Alexander Murphy (husband to Sophia's sister Sarah). During that time it was cheaper to turn the corn into whiskey and transport the whiskey, than to keep the corn as corn and transport corn for sale.

John died in 1854 and was buried in what is now known as Beard Cemetery in Owasco, Clay Township, Carroll County, Indiana, north of Rossville, east of the road that runs between Rossville and Delphi, south of Wild Cat Creek, near where the railroad tracks once crossed Wild Cat Creek. The cemetery has only about 84 burials and is in the woods, behind a corn field. The graveyard is shaped like a shoe box and is entered from from one of the narrow ends of the "shoebox," at the left side of that end. There are concrete pillars, about five feet high and a foot in diameter. (They were formed by some of John and Sophia's descedents who poored cement into a mold made with corrugated steel.) At the entrance end of the "shoebox," there are three concrete pillars. The two outer ones mark two corners of the cemetery; the third one -- perhaps 12 feet to the right of the left corner -- is at the gate entrance.

John Beard's stone is near the stone of his son John M. Beard. John-the-son's stone has fallen over; his large granite stone reads, "John M. Beard, Lydia his wife, Rachel his wife." John-the-son's stone is on the right, long side of the cemetery, in about the middle of that long side. Facing John-the-son's stone, John-the-father's stone is to the left about three steps. It was lying flat on the ground in autumn 1997. It is a white, flat stone, aged from the elements, but readable still in 1997:

In memory of JOHN BEARD,
Died Sept. 23, 1854.
Aged 59 yrs 10 mo & 2 dys.
These are those which
came out of great tribulations
and have washed their robes
and made them white
in the blood of the Lamb.
Rev 7, Ch 14

In 1997, the stone was in one piece, lying on the ground. By October 2008, the stone was broken. Photo of stone is HERE.

Sophia
Sophia More (Mrs. John Beard), about 1870


AHNENTAFEL CHART FOR SOPHIA
=========================================
1st GENERATION
1.) Sophia MORE: b 1 Dec 1801 Monongalia Co., VA; d 1879 Sherman, Grayson Co., TX.
--------------------------------------------------------------
2nd GENERATION
2.) John MORE II: b 1772 VA; d 13 Jun 1841 Ohio.
3.) Sarah T. GANDY: b 28 Jun 1778 Frederick Co., MD (a Quaker).
--------------------------------------------------------------
3rd GENERATION
4.) John MORE I: b 1714 Germany; d 1744 America.
5.) Sophiah CAKE: b NJ.
6.) Samuel GANDY: b 1745 England; m 9 Jan 1776 Hagerstown, Washington Co., MD; d 1828 Gladesville, Preston, WV; bur Old Gandy Cemetery, Gladesville, Preston, WV (a Quaker).
7.) Rachel COMBS: b 1752 Hagerstown, Washington, MD; d 12 Jul 1830 Gladesville, Preston, WV; bur Old Gandy Cemetery, Gladesville, Preston, WV.


There has been a persistent family rumor that John Beard was of native American (i.e., AmerIndian) descent. Despite years of research by excellent researchers, no proof has been found to substantiate that claim. In the mid-1940s, someone who descended from one of Sophia More's siblings put together a self-published genealogy. Within that small genealogy was the oft-repeated claim that John Beard "was part Indian." There was no proof offered. The person writing the genealogy did not descend from John Beard, and there were many obvious errors in the genealogy.

Ancestral composition analysis of this researcher (AMB) via autosomal testing by three companies showed absolutely no native American ancestry.

The closest that this researcher has found to anything that might argue that John Beard might have had some vague native American connection was that the Iroquois word "Owasco" was used correctly in an area where he and his children were of influence. To read about Owasco and the meaning of that Iroquois word, click here: Owasco, Indiana.

Also, despite years of research, John Beard remains unattached to any relative other than his descendants and his wife's family. The only exception is a Y-DNA connection between John Beard and Martin Beard who married Lynda COX in Maury County, Tennessee, on February 24, 1814. It was match at 12 markers, but the Martin Beard descendant tested only to 12 markers. A 12-marker Y-DNA match says that the two men shared a male-line ancestor at some time in the distant past. However, their relationship is not known, and their common ancestor may have been remote.

The DNA Kit Number for the descendant of Martin Beard of Tennessee is 200188. The sample is from Adrian L. Beard, who died only days before a match was found for his DNA.


DESCENDANTS of
John BEARD and Sophia MORE

Males expected to carry the same Y-DNA are in red. Y-DNA tests have been done on two of John's descendants -- one descended from his son John, and the other descended from his son Alexander. Autosomal DNA tests have been done by others, thus proving relationships for other descendants. Males proven by DNA or otherwise to carry the same Y-DNA are in red, bold face, and all capital letters. Living descendants are not included, with the exception of the notation "living male" for male descendants who are expected or known to be carrying the same Y-DNA. The information is included specifically for someone interested in Y-DNA testing.

1-- JOHN BEARD (1794-1854)
.sp-Sophia MORE (1801-1879)
....2--
JOHN M. BEARD (1823-1904)
........3-- Calvin BEARD (1848-1848)
........3-- Amanda J. BEARD (1849-1850)
........3-- Marvin BEARD (1852-1853)
........3-- Diantha BEARD (1853-1853)
........3-- Hulda BEARD (1854-1859)
........3--
Franklin Kara BEARD (1859-1937)
............4-- Elga M. BEARD (1889-1978)
................5-- Maurice CRIPE (1914-2002)
............4--
Ward James BEARD (1891-1967)
................5-- Lois BEARD (1920-1920)
............4-- Rachel Fern BEARD (1895-1986)
................5-- Kathryn SWARTZ (1918-1993)
........3-- Dora Viola BEARD (1861-1885)
............4-- Guy DeWitt CLAUSER (1885-1970)
................5-- Alvin C. CLAUSER (1908-1991)
................5-- Caroline Anne CLAUSER (1909-1977)
................5-- Mary Lou CLAUSER (1915-1999)
........3--
CHARLEY BEARD (1862-1955)
............4--
LLOYD DeWITT BEARD (1890-1961)
................5--
DWIGHT BEARD (1916-1995)
.....................6--
LIVING MALE
..........................7--
[living male]
.....................6--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
.....................6--
[living male]
........3--
JESSE BEARD (1867-1939)
.........sp-
Sarah Catherine HOOKER (1871-1952)
............4--
John Moore BEARD (1891-1979)
............4--
MARVIN EARL BEARD (1893-1972)
................5--
Russell Edward BEARD, 1915-2006
................5--
Glen Earl "Dutch" BEARD (1917-1947)
.....................6--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
.....................6--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
................5-- Roberta Fern BEARD (1920-2003)
................5--
ROBERT JESSE BEARD (1920-2010)
.....................6--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
.....................6--
LIVING MALE
..........................7--
[living male]
............4--
GEORGE IRVIN BEARD (1897-1965)
................5--
MILES GRIFFITH BEARD (1918-2006)
.....................6--
[living male]
.....................6--
MALE, LAST KNOWN ALIVE IN 1996
..........................7--
LIVING MALE (DOES NOT CARRY BEARD SURNAME)
...............................8--
[living male] (does not carry BEARD surname)
...............................8--
[living male] (does not carry BEARD surname)
.....................6--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
................5--
Max Irvin BEARD (1920-1988)
.....................6--
[living male]
................5--
Bruce Williard BEARD (1921-1990)
.....................6--
[living male]
.....................6--
[living male]
..........................7--
[living male]
............4-- Edith Eve BEARD (1902-1978)
....2-- Sarah BEARD (1825-1912)
........3-- Sylvester NICE (1844-1915)
............4-- Mirtha Alice NICE (1872-1939)
............4-- William Cara NICE (1881-1953)
............4-- George O. NICE (1890-)
........3-- Elizabeth Rachel NICE (1846-1893)
............4-- Aura Amy GROVES (1870-1943)
............4-- William Oscar GROVES (1872-1955)
............4-- Charles Henry GROVES (1874-1957)
............4-- George Bertie GROVES (1878-1916)
............4-- Nellie May GROVES (1881-)
............4-- Harley Oren GROVES (1885-1964)
........3-- John E. NICE (1848-1929)
........3-- Philander NICE (1850-1924)
............4-- Edgar Otis NICE (1880-1955)
............4-- Mary Jane NICE (1883-1949)
............4-- Charles Evert NICE (1887)
........3-- Martha J. NICE (1852-1879)
........3-- Amanda NICE (1857-1949)
........3-- William NICE (1861)
........3-- George Franklin NICE (1865-1888)
....2-- Permilla Ann BEARD (1826-bef 1850)
........3-- Alex WELDEY (1841)
............4-- Francis WELDY (1864-)
............4-- Jennie Evenett WELDY (1866-)
............4-- Lester Alex WELDY (1869-)
............4-- Albert D. WELDY (1872-aft 1930)
................5-- Roy Delmon WELDY (1900-1986)
............4-- Anna B. WELDY (1874-)
............4-- Levi J. WELDY (1877-)
........3-- Moses WELDEY (1843-1921)
............4-- Andrew Jackson (1867-1955)
................5-- Nellie WELDY (1889-)
................5-- Grace WELDY (1890-)
................5-- Maud WELDY (1894-)
................5-- Ray Delbert WELDY (1896-)
................5-- May WELDY (1900-)
................5-- Mildred P. WELDY (1904-)
............4-- James W. WELDY (1869-)
................5-- Claude WELDY (1904-)
................5-- WELDY (1906-)
................5-- WELDY (1909-)
................5-- WELDY (1912-)
............4-- Mary P. WELDY (1874-)
............4-- Omer F. WELDY (1882-)
................5-- Violet M. WELDY (1906-)
................5-- Delbert WELDY (1909-)
................5-- Helen WELDY (1912-)
................5-- Juanita WELDY (1914-)
................5-- Ottmar Omer WELDY (1915-1990)
................5-- Darrel A. WELDY (1917-)
................5-- Daretta WELDY (1920-)
............4-- Ella WELDY (1885-)
................5-- Agatha DOBBS (1904-)
................5-- Pearl DOBBS (1906-)
................5-- Dallas DOBBS (1915)
....2-- Mary Jane BEARD (1827-1868)
........3-- Henry Clay MOONEY (1850-1905)
........3-- Eli Shelby MOONEY (1856-1863)
............4-- Charles C. MOONEY (1883-)
............4-- Harry Edward MOONEY (1888-)
............4-- Edna May MOONEY (1890-)
........3-- Flora Bell MOONEY (1861-1863)
....2-- Rachel BEARD (1829-1854)
........3-- Josephine ST. JOHN (1854-1869)
....2--
WILLIAM ANDREW BEARD (1832)
........3--
James Arden BEARD (1855)
........3-- Ardella Jane BEARD (abt 1858)
........3--
Alva BEARD (abt 1861)
........3-- Harriet Roena BEARD (abt 1864)
........3-- Edith Augusta BEARD (abt 1869)
........3-- Bertha Louise BEARD (1873-1955)
............4-- Myrle Elsie HENDERSHOT (1906-1988)
........3-- Jessie Gertrude BEARD (1880)
........3--
Aaron John BEARD (1882)
........3-- Josephine BEARD (1884)
........3--
Loyd BEARD (1886-1927)
............4-- Ina BEARD (aft 1904)
............4--
Ernest Edward BEARD (1905-1963)
............4--
James Leonard BEARD (1907-1970)
............4--
Edgar W. BEARD (1911-1968)
............4-- Clema BEARD (abt 1914)
............4--
Theo C. BEARD (1916-1980)
............4--
Homer BEARD (1918-1986)
........3--
William Ray BEARD (1892-1954)
............4-- Verlie BEARD (1914-2010)
............4--
William BEARD (abt 1919-bef 2010)
............4-- Nora BEARD (abt 1922)
............4--
Ted R. BEARD (abt 1925-bef 2010)
............4-- Imogene BEARD (abt 1928-bef 2010)
........3--
Eli Edward BEARD (1894-1979)
....2--
ELI BEARD (1835-1925)
........3-- Minerva Jane BEARD (1862-1865)
........3--
John L. BEARD (1864-1945)
............4--
Walter BEARD (1892-1969)
............4--
Clarence BEARD (1893-1973)
........3--
EDWARD THEODORE BEARD (1867-1947)
............4--
MILLARD EDWARD BEARD (1897-1981)
................5--
Edward Lee BEARD (1921-1993)
................5--
RUSSELL A. BEARD (1922-2004)
.....................6--
LIVING MALE
................5--
John Thomas BEARD (1930-2008)
................5--
[living male]
................5--
[male]
............4--
Russell Chester BEARD (1901-1987)
................5--
Bernard BEARD (1924-1999)
................5--
Russell Chester BEARD, Jr. (1925-2006)
................5-- Virginia Ruth BEARD (1927)
............4-- Ruth BEARD (1904-2000) (no children)
........3--
David O. BEARD (1874-1951)
........3--
Florence BEARD
........3--
Sophia BEARD
....2-- Jemima BEARD (1838-1903)
........3-- Emily Alice BATES (1859-1868)
........3-- Sanford Eldridge BATES (1861-)
........3-- Adam Willard BATES (1863)
............4-- Fern BATES (1886-1967)
............4-- Cloid BATES (1888-1920)
....2--
ALEXANDER BEARD (1840-1928)
........3--
WILLIAM FRANCIS BEARD (1865-1943)
............4--
William Olan BEARD (1892-)
............4--
FLOYD MORTEN BEARD (1896-1971)
................5--
RAYMOND PEARCE BEARD (1920-2005)
.....................6--
LIVING MALE
............4--
Sidney Johnson BEARD (1896 -bef 1975)
............4--
Meck BEARD (1898-)
............4--
Alvin (or Alan) Alex BEARD (1901-1949)
............4-- Maude M. BEARD (abt 1904-)
............4--
Roy Taylor BEARD (1910-1983)
............4--
Woodrow BEARD (1914-bef 1975)
............4-- Marie BEARD (abt 1917-)
........3-- Laura BEARD (1868-)
........3-- Maud BEARD (1873-)
........3-- Josephine BEARD (1874-)
........3--
Perry A. BEARD (1878-1954)
........3--
Alton (or Allen) Clifton BEARD (1883-1965)
............4--
Virgil Leo BEARD (1915-1998)
............4-- Imogene Ona BEARD (1918-bef 2009)
............4--
Roy Clifton BEARD (1920-bef 2009)
............4-- Eva May BEARD (1922-2009)
............4--
Henry Lowe BEARD (1925-1925)
............4-- Fay BEARD (1927-)
............4--
James Leon BEARD (1937-)


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